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FINAL REPORT THE CONSUMERS'PERCEPTIONS AND ACCEPTANCES ON SQUID PEMPEK

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FINAL REPORT THE CONSUMERS'PERCEPTIONS AND ACCEPTANCES ON SQUID PEMPEK: A RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON PALEMBANG …

Included this excerpt for the humor in translated papers as well as the points it makes about the nutrition of squid and the different names given to the animals.

2.2 Squid
A squid is one of marine animals of loliginidae family, class of cephalopods. In latin, squid known as loligospp. In Indonesia, squid is known by several terms, such as enus, nus, or sontong bunga. The squid is an animal of cephalopod group or type of mollusks that lives in the sea. Cephalopod (in Latin, chepalo = head, podos = leg) are mollusks that have legs in the head. This is because the legs are separated into a number of hands wrapped around its head. Like all cephalopods, a squid is separated by having different head. (Sarwojo, 2005). (Suklim, 1998) stated that a squid or calamari is a cephalopod which is one of the three groups of mollusks: (1) univalves having a single shell; (2) bivalves having two shells; and (3) cephalopods. There are almost 1,000 species of Cephalopods; however, some species commercially caught are squid, cuttlefish, and octopus. Cephalopods are marketed in various forms which include fresh, frozen, canned, dried, salted, and smoked.

The most commercially important group of all cephalopods is squid. While (Prabawati 2005) argued a squid (Todarodes pasificus) commonly known as devil fish belonged to mollusks (mollusks), cephalopods class that is used head as a tool for moving. At the head, there is a mouth surrounded by 10 hand-catchers that has a rounded vacuum. All the organs of the body are covered by a membrane on coat. The characteristics of squid; it has ink sac located on top of the large intestine and empties near the anus. When the squid is attacked by the enemy, the ink sac will work or react through a pipe. This thing causes like a black cloud around it and allows squid can avoid enemy attacks.

According to (Zaitsev et al 5, 1969) a squid contains 78.1 to 82.5% water, 0.2 to 1.4% fat, 14.8 to 18.8% protein and 1.2 to 1.7 % ashes, and the edible parts are the body, head and tentacles. (Poerwadi, 1984) mentioned that protein content in the squid is quite high. Every 100 gr squid meat contains 15.3 gr protein, 1.0 gr fat, 79.3 gr of water, 1.8 gr of ash, 3 g of carbohydrates and produce energy 89 calories. Whereas, cholesterol is not found. Recent data from (Andrew, 2012) argued a squid has a high protein content, it contains 17.9 g / 100 g. A squid meat has advantages compared with other marine products, namely a squid does not have the spine, easily digestible, has a distinctive taste and aroma, and contain all the essential amino acids needed by our body. Essential amino acids that dominant are leucine, lysine and phenylalanine. Based on the three opinions of Zaitsev, Poerwadi, Andrew, the conclusion is the squid has a high nutritional protein in the range of values around 10 gr and below 20 gr protein
 

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